Some millions of years ago, we shared a common ancestor with the bonobo and the chimpanzee. It seems in all likelihood that ancestor was capable of lying. How do we know that? Because we, bonobos, and chimpanzees are all capable of lying. Lying — or misdirection — is therefore among the oldest forms of communication.
When discussing the methods of science, many philosophers of science, and many scientists, fail to mention that one of the most important functions of those methods is to guard against and correct lies. Lying is so deeply ingrained in our species that we must develop very rigorous and special methods of inquiry to, with any reasonable assurance, get at even some of the simplest truths.